Glossário Principal Global em Português


Browse the glossary using this index

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A

Alfabetização ecológica*

"Ecological literacy (also referred to as ecoliteracy) is the ability to understand the natural systems that make life on earth possible. To be ecoliterate means understanding the principles of organization of ecological communities (i.e. ecosystems) and using those principles for creating sustainable human communities". Wikipedia.

Amazoniapedia*

Amazoniapedia is a Laboratory of Studies of the Amazonian Region, a long-term experimental project based on collaborative learning. As a starting point, the project recognizes and embraces the awareness of an ancient civilization that already existed in the Amazon and that can become a source of inspiration for ecological literacy, community empowerment, true sustainable agriculture (archaeological dark earth and new dark earth), bioregionalism,  happy degrowth... and the formation of an authentic Amazonian feeling. Here, each one of us is an Amazon studious, including the photographer Leonide Principe, coordinator of the project.


aprendizagem colaborativa*

Collaborative learning allows participants, within a study community, to share their knowledge and to create, from this practice, new solutions and new knowledge.

The teaching/learning process is not only involving the teacher/student link, but also all those who are part of the learning group. That is, the participants learn from their peers and contribute to their learning.


B

Biorregionalismo*

Bioregionalism is a political, cultural, and ecological system or set of views based on areas defined not by man but by Nature and called bioregions, similar to ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soil and terrain characteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon, and emphasizes local populations, knowledge, and solutions. (Wikipedia)

C

Civilização amazônica*

A current perspective of valuing the culture of ancient times. The golden age of these peoples created a coexistence in harmony with the natural environment and at the same time allowed the emergence of a just society, the abundance of food for all and the evident effect of a spontaneous joy. There is much to learn! The question is: is it possible to integrate the values of those peoples into our fragmented and alienated culture in the fever of lucrative industrial production? It is a hope that is born of the desire for survival, because we already know that the current model is no longer sustainable: air, water and land are contaminated, animals and plants are in the process of extinction, people lose their sense of happiness. Can a genuinely Amazonian civilization rebuild the simple and modest glory of the golden age? It is a choice between mass-extinction, including humans, and renaissance.

civilização Xinguana*

In the period 750-338 a. Ancient Greece was composed of city-states, such as Athens, Sparta, Thebes, which were independent of each other but shared some cultural characteristics, such as the Greek language. In the center of Greece, Delphi was a place of religious worship frequented by inhabitants of all city-states. 

In the period 1200-1600 d. C., in the part of the Brazilian Amazon where today is the Xingu National Park, there are vestiges of fifteen cities that were surrounded by walls of wood and that they had up to two thousand and five hundred inhabitants each. These cities were linked by roads to ceremonial centers with large squares. Around them were gardens, orchards, and tanks for breeding turtles. Apparently, epidemics (brought by colonizers) decimated much of the population living there.


Consenso*

Consensus decision making is a creative and dynamic way of reaching agreement between all members of a group. Instead of simply voting for an item and having the majority of the group getting their way, a group using consensus is committed to finding solutions that everyone actively supports, or at least can live with. (www.seedsforchange.org.uk)

D

Decrescimento feliz*

Happy degrowth is a political, economic, and social movement based on ecological economics, anti-consumerist and anti-capitalist ideas. It is also considered an essential economic strategy responding to the limits-to-growth dilemma. Degrowth thinkers and activists advocate for the downscaling of production and consumption—the contraction of economies—arguing that overconsumption lies at the root of long term environmental issues and social inequalities.
Key to the concept of degrowth is that reducing consumption does not require individual martyring or a decrease in well-being. Rather, "degrowthists" aim to maximize happiness and well-being through non-consumptive means — sharing work, consuming less, while devoting more time to art, music, family, nature, culture and community. (Wikipedia)

E

Empoderamento comunitário*

The term empowerment refers to measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities in order to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority. Empowerment as action refers both to the process of self-empowerment and to professional support of people, which enables them to overcome their sense of powerlessness and lack of influence, and to recognize and use their resources.

Estudioso da Amazônia*

All of us who wish to deepen the Amazonian issues, with the purpose of encouraging preservation. Your participation in the site is measured by a per-point graduation system. For example, question-and-answer games, tasks, forum posts, etc., generate points that at a certain level add a badge to the user profile. The first badge of a user involved is Muiraquitã, which is the Amazoniapedia logo. There are others that apply to different courses such as Dark Earth, Birds, Sustainability, Medicinal plants, etc. This mechanism is mainly dedicated to studious, with the purpose of associating the play factor in learning. In any case, youngsters and adults can participate in the game to evaluate their knowledge and, if they wish, to reach deeper levels of interaction, such as creating their own blog or course on a particular subject related to the Amazon.

Extrato piro-lenhoso*

Pirolenous acid, also called wood vinegar or wood acid, is a millenarian product in Japanese culture, obtained by condensing the smoke from the carbonization of wood, during the production of charcoal.

In Natural Agriculture is known and used as soil conditioner, plant biostimulant, rooting inducer, insect repellent, "also used as a herbicide potentiator decreasing the use of chemicals, as it has dilating action of the plant's pores with that the dosage of the herbicide can be reduced by half but the effect will be doubled (Diogo Grosselli field experience) ", contributing to the reduction of the use of agrochemicals in conventional agriculture. (Wikipedia)

F

Felicidade Interna Bruta*

For decades, we were convinced that economic growth would be the key to happiness. Consuming more and more, things we do not even need, has become the status of admiration immediately frustrated by a more advanced model. In this play we turn the planet into a dump, water and air, the most precious goods of our lives are seriously intoxicated, the food of all days is excessive and contaminated. Nefarious consequence is the current opinion that the disease is a natural fact and the second largest industry on the planet sells false remedies that perpetuate that state of sickness and its astronomical profits.
Nothing is lost, the disease is not natural! Natural is happiness, and when we focus on happiness everything changes. Exchanging GNP through the GNH does not have to come from above, this can be the first step in personal life.

G

Guaraná*

Guarana (Paullinia cupana). The seeds, dried and roasted, are a powerful energizer that contains more caffeine than coffee beans. It is a food supplement used fo physical activity properties such as long walks. It bears a striking resemblance to human eyes, from which the indigenous Guarana legend was born.

I

Idade da paz*

The age of pacification idealizes the birth of a new genuinely Amazonian civilization, inspired by the knowledge and lifestyle of the golden age. The social, political, moral and environmental decay of the age of tears can come to an end with pacification, accepting the cultural value of Amerindians, Caboclos and the new Amazonians, connected with a unique generous nature. The tools are many: ecological literacy, agroforestry, the value of the sacred, the importance of feeling ...

Idade das lagrimas*

The age of tears begins with the arrival of Columbus in the Golden Land. From that moment the new name of the continent was painted with the blood of its inhabitants: America was the beginning of the greatest known genocide in the history of humanity. Millions of natives inhabited an extremely rich land, not only in gold: diverse cultures, deep knowledge, ancestral memory, sophisticated agriculture, abundance and joy ...

Idade do ouro*

An ill-told "History" about the "discovery" of a continent.
The Golden Age joins the fragments of the old pots that the tractors are breaking. The latest research reveals what the Amazon region was like before the European invasion. The gold of that forgotten age not only indicates the precious metal that the invaders sought: before the official history, Eldorado was a reality and gold was not its most important manifestation, it was just an aspect of several magnificent civilizations.

IGHA*

The Geographic and Historical Institute of Amazonas (IGHA) is the oldest cultural institution of the Amazon. The Institute is located at Rua Bernardo Ramos, in the Historic Center of Manaus, and besides promoting seminars and lectures, it has its own museum, with valuable historical pieces, as well as a unique collection of indigenous pieces. His library and, especially, his newspaper library are obligatory points for those who are dedicated to research on the Amazon.

L

Leonide Principe*

The photographer Leonide Principe live in the Amazon since 1990. Until 2004 he made an Amazonian image bank of 40,000 colored slides. With the advent of digital photography, he sold the entire analogue archive to the Cultural Center of the Peoples of Amazonia and started a new digital archive that today has more than 50,000 selected images, which are used in the most part of Amazoniapedia photographs.

P

Permacultura*

"The aim is to create systems that are ecologically-sound and economically viable, which provide for their own needs, do not exploit or pollute, and are therefore sustainable in the long term."
"Permaculture uses the inherent qualities of plants and animals combined with the natural characteristics of landscapes and structures to produce a life-supporting system for city and country, using the smallest practical area." (Bill mollison, founder of Permaculture)

S

Sentimento amazonida*

Amazonid is the man of the forest and the rivers. He knows his environment, uses resources to support the family, builds his house, canoe and harpoon ... The forest is like a big supermarket where he buys with a coin that he has in abundance: time is his wealth.
The Amazonid feeling is the state of the spirit that makes he free because he knows the place where he lives. This feeling comes from afar, from the night of time, from ancient peoples of the golden age, when the forest was a cultivated garden and the villages were densely populated. A happy people celebrated ancestral rituals. The children's smile and cry of joy dominated their solidarity economy.
The Amazonian feeling understands the song of the birds, talks with the trees, interprets the wind and the clouds.


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