Main Global Glossary in English


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A

Amazon studious*

All of us who wish to deepen the Amazonian issues, with the purpose of encouraging preservation. Your participation in the site is measured by a per-point graduation system. For example, question-and-answer games, tasks, forum posts, etc., generate points that at a certain level add a badge to the user profile. The first badge of a user involved is Muiraquitã, which is the Amazoniapedia logo. There are others that apply to different courses such as Dark Earth, Birds, Sustainability, Medicinal plants, etc. This mechanism is mainly dedicated to studious, with the purpose of associating the play factor in learning. In any case, youngsters and adults can participate in the game to evaluate their knowledge and, if they wish, to reach deeper levels of interaction, such as creating their own blog or course on a particular subject related to the Amazon. Be student always, is good for mental health!

Amazonian civilization*

A current perspective of valuing the culture of ancient times. The golden age of these peoples created a coexistence in harmony with the natural environment and at the same time allowed the emergence of a just society, the abundance of food for all and the evident effect of a spontaneous joy. There is much to learn!
The question is: is it possible to integrate the values of those peoples into our fragmented and alienated culture in the fever of lucrative industrial production?
It is a hope that is born of the desire for survival, because we already know that the current model is no longer sustainable: air, water and land are contaminated, animals and plants are in the process of extinction, people lose their sense of happiness. Can a genuinely Amazonian civilization rebuild the simple and modest glory of the golden age? It is a choice between mass-extinction, including humans, and renaissance.

Amazoniapedia*

Amazoniapedia is a Laboratory of Studies of the Amazonian Region, a long-term experimental project based on collaborative learning. As a starting point, the project recognizes and embraces the awareness of an ancient civilization that already existed in the Amazon and that can become a source of inspiration for ecological literacy, community empowerment, true sustainable agriculture (archaeological dark earth and new dark earth), bioregionalism,  happy degrowth... and the formation of an authentic Amazonian feeling. Here, each one of us is an Amazon studious, including the photographer Leonide Principe, coordinator of the project.


Amazonid feeling*

Amazonid is the man of the forest and the rivers. He knows his environment, uses resources to support the family, builds his house, canoe and harpoon ... The forest is like a big supermarket where he buys with a coin that he has in abundance: time is his wealth.
The Amazonid feeling is the state of the spirit that makes he free because he knows the place where he lives. This feeling comes from afar, from the night of time, from ancient peoples of the golden age, when the forest was a cultivated garden and the villages were densely populated. A happy people celebrated ancestral rituals. The children's smile and cry of joy dominated their solidarity economy.
The Amazonian feeling understands the song of the birds, talks with the trees, interprets the wind and the clouds.

Archaeological dark earth*

Dark earth is not just an archaeological find. The more the researches discover about this intriguing cultivation technique, the more we perceive the solution to the greatest problems of humanity today. A solution offered by the same people that the present civilization has massacred. Believe! Black earth is the solution to many problems, a brilliant, genial, low-cost solution, open to all without royalties or contraindications. Dark earth is the sustainable future of agriculture, thanks to an ancient civilization that flourished in the Amazon.

B

Bioregionalism*

Bioregionalism is a political, cultural, and ecological system or set of views based on areas defined not by man but by Nature and called bioregions, similar to ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soil and terrain characteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon, and emphasizes local populations, knowledge, and solutions. (Wikipedia)

C

collaborative learning*

Collaborative learning allows participants, within a study community, to share their knowledge and to create, from this practice, new solutions and new knowledge.

The teaching/learning process is not only involving the teacher/student link, but also all those who are part of the learning group. That is, the participants learn from their peers and contribute to their learning.


Community empowerment*

The term empowerment refers to measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities in order to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority. Empowerment as action refers both to the process of self-empowerment and to professional support of people, which enables them to overcome their sense of powerlessness and lack of influence, and to recognize and use their resources.

Consensus*

Consensus decision making is a creative and dynamic way of reaching agreement between all members of a group. Instead of simply voting for an item and having the majority of the group getting their way, a group using consensus is committed to finding solutions that everyone actively supports, or at least can live with. (www.seedsforchange.org.uk)

E

Ecological literacy*

"Ecological literacy (also referred to as ecoliteracy) is the ability to understand the natural systems that make life on earth possible. To be ecoliterate means understanding the principles of organization of ecological communities (i.e. ecosystems) and using those principles for creating sustainable human communities". Wikipedia.

G

Golden age*

An ill-told "History" about the "discovery" of a continent.
The Golden Age joins the fragments of the old pots that the tractors are breaking. The latest research reveals what the Amazon region was like before the European invasion. The gold of that forgotten age not only indicates the precious metal that the invaders sought: before the official history, Eldorado was a reality and gold was not its most important manifestation, it was just an aspect of several magnificent civilizations.

Gross National Happiness*

For decades, we were convinced that economic growth would be the key to happiness. Consuming more and more, things we do not even need, has become the status of admiration immediately frustrated by a more advanced model. In this play we turn the planet into a dump, water and air, the most precious goods of our lives are seriously intoxicated, the food of all days is excessive and contaminated. Nefarious consequence is the current opinion that the disease is a natural fact and the second largest industry on the planet sells false remedies that perpetuate that state of sickness and its astronomical profits.
Nothing is lost, the disease is not natural! Natural is happiness, and when we focus on happiness everything changes. Exchanging GNP through the GNH does not have to come from above, this can be the first step in personal life.

guarana*

Guarana (Paullinia cupana). The seeds, dried and roasted, are a powerful energizer that contains more caffeine than coffee beans. It is a food supplement used fo physical activity properties such as long walks. It bears a striking resemblance to human eyes, from which the indigenous Guarana legend was born.

H

Happy degrowth*

Happy degrowth is a political, economic, and social movement based on ecological economics, anti-consumerist and anti-capitalist ideas. It is also considered an essential economic strategy responding to the limits-to-growth dilemma. Degrowth thinkers and activists advocate for the downscaling of production and consumption—the contraction of economies—arguing that overconsumption lies at the root of long term environmental issues and social inequalities.
Key to the concept of degrowth is that reducing consumption does not require individual martyring or a decrease in well-being. Rather, "degrowthists" aim to maximize happiness and well-being through non-consumptive means — sharing work, consuming less, while devoting more time to art, music, family, nature, culture and community. (Wikipedia)

I

IGHA*

The Geographic and Historical Institute of Amazonas (IGHA) is the oldest cultural institution of the Amazon. The Institute is located at Rua Bernardo Ramos, in the Historic Center of Manaus, and besides promoting seminars and lectures, it has its own museum, with valuable historical pieces, as well as a unique collection of indigenous pieces. His library and, especially, his newspaper library are obligatory points for those who are dedicated to research on the Amazon.

Indigenous tourism*

"Recognizing that whilst tourism provides the strongest driver to restore, protect and Promote Indigenous cultures, it has the potential to diminish and destroy those cultures when improperly developed.
Recognising that as the world becomes increasingly homogenous Indigenous cultures will become increasingly important for tourism to provide differentiation, authenticity and the enrichment of visitor experiences.
Recognising that for Indigenous tourism to be successful and sustainable, Indigenous tourism needs to be based on traditional knowledge, cultures and practices and it must contribute to the well being of Indigenous communities and the environment." (Larrakia declaration)

L

Leonide Principe*

The photographer Leonide Principe live in the Amazon since 1990. Until 2004 he made an Amazonian image bank of 40,000 colored slides. With the advent of digital photography, he sold the entire analogue archive to the Cultural Center of the Peoples of Amazonia and started a new digital archive that today has more than 50,000 selected images, which are used in the most part of Amazoniapedia photographs.

N

Nature-deficit disorder*

Nature deficit disorder is a phrase coined by Richard Louv in his 2005 book Last Child in the Woods meaning that human beings, especially children, are spending less time outdoors resulting in a wide range of behavioral problems, a type of infirmity that introduces debilitating kinds of physical and emotional tension.

New dark earth*

One of the aspects of interest in the new dark earth is to be considered among the most fertile soils in the world. Research has shown that these soils have a high availability of nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, phosphorus and carbon, and also maintain their fertility and resilience for a long time, since their origin is related to the human action of indigenous peoples Pre-Columbian ancestors, and even where they have been used over time have not lost their fertility.

The overall objective of the Terra Preta program is to contribute to the improvement of subsistence of farmers living in the Amazon, through information on the sustainable use and conservation of Terra Preta and the creation of similar soils. (Embrapa)


P

Peace age*

The age of peace idealizes the birth of a new genuinely Amazonian civilization, inspired by the knowledge and lifestyle of the golden age. The social, political, moral and environmental decay of the age of tears can come to an end with pacification, accepting the cultural value of Amerindians, Caboclos and the new Amazonians, connected with a unique generous nature. The tools are many: ecological literacy, agroforestry, the value of the sacred, the importance of feeling ...

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